Instruction to Authors:




Cover letter: (only required if submission is made through mail to , Authors submitting through online submission page need not necessarily submit a cover letter) . The cover letter should specify the faculty in which the research has been done, along with the title of the topic. As a part of peer review, the Authors can also suggest the name and details of Referees with whom they would wish to get their Manuscripts Peer reviewed, but the final decision will be that of the Chief Editor.


Copyright agreement: Only required if submission is made through mail. Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.


Types of article to be published


Short Communications:


Short communications could be made use in recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. It should be confined to a maximum of three figures and one table. The study should be a complete one and the scope of the subject should be limited when compared to full length Manuscripts.


The Abstract should not exceed 100 words;


Materials & methods could be merged with experimental procedures with figures & footnotes;


Results and Discussion shall be merged into a single section. References will be same as that of Full length Papers.


Review articles:


Reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged.


Regular Research articles:


Should describe an original research work with new insights, novel approaches & specific confirmed findings. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.


Manuscript Preparation


Type the manuscript (using 'Times New Roman' font, size 10) in single space throughout.


Please arrange the manuscript as follows: A paper typically should include the following in the order given below:


Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction,


Materials and Methods including Tables and/or Figures, Results




Acknowledgements (if any), Author Contributions References,


Abbreviations used (if necessary).


Number all pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. Figures, tables and references must be cited by numbers in the manuscript. All weights and measures must be given in metric units. Serial number of each reference should be superscripted and not written in parenthesis.


Do not use abbreviations in the title. Define unusual abbreviations with the first use in the body of the manuscript. Text footnotes should be typed on a separate page.


For references, the names of all the authors should be mentioned instead of using et al. The abbreviations used for name of a particular journal should be standard.


Title page: Type the full names and affiliations of all authors. The title should not exceed 100 characters including spaces between words. Number all pages consecutively beginning with the title page; include an abbreviated title of not more than 40 characters.


Abstract: State the problem considered, methods, results and conclusions in less than 250 words, and 4-5 key words should follow the abstract.


Introduction: Background of the research area, descriptive information, and the present study should be included under this section. The introduction should provide sufficient background information such that a scientifically literate reader can understand and appreciate the work to be described. A detailed review of literature is not at all required under this section. The specific aims of the project should be identified along with rationale for the specific experiments and other work performed. The introduction MUST include in-text citations of references for justification for the study.


Materials and Methods: Materials and/or subjects utilized in the study as well as the procedures undertaken to complete the work. The methods should be described in sufficient detail such that they could be repeated by a competent researcher. Please include the company sources for all uncommon reagents (kits, drugs, etc). Illustrations and/or tables may be helpful in describing complex equipment or elaborate procedures. The statistical tool used to analyze the data should be mentioned. All procedures involving experimental animals or human subjects must accompany with statement on necessary ethical approval from appropriate ethics committee.


Results: Data acquired from the research with appropriate statistical analysis described in the methods section should be included in this section. The results section should highlight the important results obtained. Data should be organized into figures and tables. Qualitative as well as quantitative results should be included if applicable.


Discussion/Conclusion: This section should relate the results section to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field. Description of relevant references to other work/s in the field should be included here. This section also allows you to discuss the significance of your results - i.e. does the data support the hypotheses you set out to test? This section should end with new answers/questions that arise as a result of author's work.


Tables: Type double-spaced on separate sheets; each table should have a title and be numbered in the order of appearance in the text. Use superscript letters to indicate footnotes typed at the bottom of the table.


Figures: High-resolution photographs of all figures including graphs, black and white light and electron micrographs and colour photographs, must be submitted. The use of colour illustrations is encouraged, but authors should contact the editor prior to their preparation for advice and assistance. All figures should be clearly labelled. Photomicrographs should be sized to fit one column (8cm) or two columns (17cm); the maximum plate size is 17 × 22 cm.


Acknowledgements: This is a brief section crediting the people who have helped make your manuscript possible and who aided you in your work but are not part of the authorship. Please mention all applicable grants and other funding that supported your work.


Authors' contributions:


In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.


An 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.


Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.


We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author's contribution): AB carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. JY carried out the immunoassays. MT participated in the sequence alignment. ES participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. FG conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


Legends: Legends should state degree of magnification or scale bars to be used on the photograph. Graphs must be of professional quality. Computer generated graphs should be of laser quality. High contrast prints of roentgen graphic photographs and electron micrographs are essential.




References should be typed on a separate page and numbered in the order of appearance in the text. Citation of


unpublished observations or personal communication (include separately, permission to quote from appropriate individual)


should be placed in the text in parenthesis. Reference number in the text should be typed as superscript and not in the




E.g. used in Peptic Ulcer. 13


Journal article


Author(s)., title., journal., year of publication; volume(issue): page numbers. Example: Sharma RK, Bansal SB, Gupta A, Gulati S, Prasad N, Kumar A., Ribavirin monotherapy for Hepatitis C virus infection in renal transplant recipient., Ind J Transplant., 2005; 1(7): 13-16.




Yoo KH, Norwood VF, Chevalier RL., Regulation of angiotensin II AT1 and AT2 receptors in neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction (Abstract)., J Am Soc Nephrol., 1995; 6(3): 1035.


Chapters in Book


Author(s), chapter title, book title, edition, editor(s), city of publication and publishers, year, page. Example: Broune WE. The immunobiology of different types of renal allograft rejection, in Contemporary issues in Nephrology, Renal transplantation, ed. Milford EL, Brenner BM, Stein JH, New York. Churchill, 1989 p 45-96.


Publication Charges: Charges (Rs. 750/-) will be charged only to meet the editorial expenses.